Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Some assignments have a format that is standard such as for example lab proceed the link reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For other assignments, you shall need to come up with your own structure.

Your structure might be guided by:

  • the assignment question. For example, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • the subject matter itself, which might suggest a structure predicated on chronology, process or location, for instance
  • your interpretation for the matter that is subject. For example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics if you wish of importance
  • the dwelling of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Glance at how the given info is organised and sequenced. Be sure you modify the structure to suit your purpose to avoid plagiarism.

Essays are a really common kind of academic writing. All essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion like most of the texts you write at university. However, the main body can be structured in a variety of ways.

To publish a good essay:

Reports generally have the same structure that is basic essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the body that is main can differ widely, due to the fact term ‘report’ can be used for several forms of texts and purposes in different disciplines.

Find out whenever possible about what sort of report is anticipated.

How to plan your structure

There are many how to show up with a structure for the work. If you’re not sure how to overcome it, try a few of the strategies below.

During and after reading your sources, take notes and begin thinking about ways to structure the basic ideas and facts into groups. For instance:

  • Look for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other ways of grouping and dividing the basic ideas under headings, such as for example advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or types of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • cut and paste notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a few other ways of structuring your assignment once you’ve a rough idea of the key issues. Do this in outline form before you start writing – it’s much easier to re-structure an overview than a half-finished essay. As an example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references will be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not fit into your overall purpose, and facts or references which are not useful for what you want to go over
  • for those who have a lot of information, such as for instance for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to demonstrate how each theory or relates that are reading each heading (this is often called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • Plan the true quantity of paragraphs you’ll need, the subject at risk of each one, and dot points for every single piece of information and reference needed
  • try a couple of different possible structures until you will find one that is best suited.

Eventually, you’ll have an idea this is certainly detailed enough so that you could start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. Additionally, you will know how to locate evidence for all those basic ideas in your notes as well as the resources of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulties with the process of planning the dwelling of your assignment, consider trying a different technique for grouping and organising your information.

Making the structure clear

Your writing will likely to be clear and logical to read it fits together if it’s easy to see the structure and how. You can easily accomplish that in several ways.

  • Utilize the end regarding the introduction to show the reader what structure to expect.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to mark the sections clearly (if they are acceptable for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the start of each paragraph, to demonstrate your reader what the main idea is, and also to link back to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The start of each sentence should link back into the main idea of the paragraph or a sentence that is previous.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the structure of relationships between ideas. Samples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in comparison, with this reason, as a result and moreover.


A lot of the kinds of texts you write for university need to have an introduction. Its purpose would be to clearly tell the reader the topic, purpose and structure for the paper.

An introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the length of the whole paper and has three main parts as a rough guide.

  • It starts with probably the most general information, such as for instance background and/or definitions.
  • The center is the core associated with introduction, where you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (according to what type of paper it is).
  • It ends with the most specific information, describing the scope and structure of one’s paper.

In the event that main body of the paper follows a template that is predictable for instance the method, results and discussion stages of a report when you look at the sciences, you generally don’t need to include a guide into the structure in your introduction.

You really need to write your introduction if it is a persuasive paper) and the whole structure of your paper after you know both your overall point of view. Alternatively, you need to revise the introduction if you have completed the body that is main.


Most academic writing is structured into paragraphs. It is helpful to think of each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also called introductory sentence)
  • body of the paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The sentence that is topic a general overview of the topic while the reason for the paragraph. According to the period of the paragraph, this may be one or more sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The human body for the paragraph elaborates directly on the subject sentence by providing definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for instance.

The last sentence in a lot of, yet not all, paragraphs is the sentence that is concluding. It does not present new information, but often either summarises or comments from the paragraph content. It may also provide a link, by showing the way the paragraph links to the topic sentence of this next paragraph. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back into the topic that is main.

You don’t have to write your entire paragraphs applying this structure. For example, you can find paragraphs with no topic sentence, or even the topic is mentioned close to the final end regarding the paragraph. However, this really is an obvious and structure that is common makes it simple for your reader to check out.


The conclusion is closely associated with the introduction and it is often referred to as its ‘mirror image’. This means that in the event that introduction starts with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves when you look at the direction that is opposite.

The final outcome usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the main scope or structure associated with the paper
  • confirms the topic that was given within the introduction. This might make the kind of the aims of the paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a extensive research question/hypothesis and its particular answer/outcome.
  • ends with a far more general statement about how this topic relates to its context. This could use the form of an evaluation of the significance of the topic, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.